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Eradicating a disease affecting more than 58,000 children in the United States in 1952 seems like a mere dream, but with a driven leader and 4 billion dollars, anything is possible. Bill Gates joined the initiative shortly after it was introduced in 1988, guaranteeing a stop to this horrific disease worldwide.

Polio is a very contagious disease that can be spread from person to person and infect the person’s brain or spinal cord and cause paralysis. It is spread through the encounter of the virus inside of the feces of the infected.

Gates has donated 4 billion dollars to wipe this disease off the face of the planet, and has been doing a very good job. The amount of polio cases has decreased to less than 100 infected worldwide. 

In 2018 there were 33 cases worldwide. 2019 is a different story having nearly triple the cases as the prior year. Gates related this up rise to the lack of exact vaccination routes, this means that some volunteers giving out these inoculations were unable to ensure that everyone in the area received these shots because they may have already received it from another with the same area.

Gates has narrowed the disease to a few middle eastern and north African countries. The challenge to diminish polio was nearly impossible but because of his great investment of both resources and time, this dream is becoming a reality.

This has not been the only thing Gates has done to make the world a better place. In the past year, he has introduced a toilet that would be fully functional and provide clean drinking water simultaneously.